When you install a new Exchange Server 2013 Mailbox server a database is automatically created on the server as well.
The database is located in the \Mailbox folder of the Exchange installation path, which by default is the C:\ drive therefore a mailbox database will be placed in a path such as:
C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V15\Mailbox\Mailbox Database 1
Usually this default location is not suitable, so you have two choices:
- Remove the database and create a new one in the desired path
- Move the existing database to the desired path
To move a database to a new location use the Move-DatabasePath cmdlet in the Exchange Management Shell.
Before you proceed please be aware that:
- the command must be run while logged on to the mailbox server hosting the database
- this process requires that the database be dismounted while the move takes place, making it unavailable for mailbox users
- this process should not be followed for databases that are replicated within a Database Availability Group
- this process cannot be run at the same time as a backup is in progress
Also consider that for non-replicated databases the best practice is still to separate the database file and transaction logs onto separate disks.
To move an Exchange 2013 database named “Mailbox Database 1” to a new EDB file location of E:\Mailbox Database 1 and a new logs folder of F:\Mailbox Database 1 the following command is used.
[PS] C:\>Move-DatabasePath "Mailbox Database 1" -EdbFilePath "E:\Mailbox Database 1\Mailbox Database 1.edb" -LogFolderPath "F:\Mailbox Database 1" Confirm Are you sure you want to perform this action? Moving database path "Mailbox Database 1". [Y] Yes [A] Yes to All [N] No [L] No to All [?] Help (default is "Y"): y Confirm To perform the move operation, database "Mailbox Database 1" must be temporarily dismounted, which will make it inaccessible to all users. Do you want to continue? [Y] Yes [A] Yes to All [N] No [L] No to All [?] Help (default is "Y"): y
To check whether the database is mounted and accessible again you can run the following commands.
[PS] C:\>Get-MailboxDatabase -Status "Mailbox Database 1" | Select Name,Mounted Name Mounted ---- ------- Mailbox Database 1 True [PS] C:\>Test-MAPIConnectivity -Database "Mailbox Database 1" MailboxServer Database Result Error ------------- -------- ------ ----- E15MB1 Mailbox Database 1 Success